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Grembowski, David

Overview
Works: 15 works in 27 publications in 1 language and 415 library holdings
Roles: Thesis advisor
Classifications: RA399.A1, 362.1
Publication Timeline
Key
Publications about David Grembowski
Publications by David Grembowski
Most widely held works by David Grembowski
The practice of health program evaluation by David Grembowski( Book )
9 editions published between 2001 and 2002 in English and held by 395 libraries worldwide
As more and more money is spent developing programs and services to solve health problems, how can one know if a specific health program works or what it would take to improve it? Aimed at addressing this issue, this book provides readers with the methods to evaluate health programs and the expertise to navigate the political terrain so as to work more effectively with decision makers and other groups. To convey these principles, Grembowski uses the metaphor of evaluation being a three-act play with a variety of actors and interest groups, each having a role that involves entering and exiting the 'stage' at different points in the evaluation process
Who governs?, who plans? in King County's farmland retention decisionmaking process by David Grembowski( Book )
3 editions published between 1982 and 1983 in English and held by 4 libraries worldwide
Managed care, physician referral and medical outcomes ( Book )
1 edition published in 2001 in English and held by 3 libraries worldwide
Health program evaluation by David Grembowski( Book )
1 edition published in 2001 in English and held by 2 libraries worldwide
Survey of non-dental providers' assessment and management of xerostomia in patients with mental health disorders by Nicole Murray( file )
1 edition published in 2012 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
Introduction: Approximately 26% American adults suffer from a diagnosable mental disorder, and 6% of the population suffers from a severe mental illness. Individuals with mental health disorders often have poor oral health, which may be exacerbated by rich diets, heavy tobacco use, and difficulty in accessing care. In addition, medications used to treat mental health disorders have side effects that can be detrimental to the tissues of the oral cavity. Xerostomia (dry mouth) is reported to affect one-fifth of patients taking antidepressants, with presence and severity of xerostomia positively correlated with the number of medications taken. It is unclear if possible xerogenic side effects are discussed with patients by healthcare providers prior to beginning treatment in the medical care setting. The purpose of this study is to survey prescribing healthcare providers to determine what non-dental providers know about xerostomia and to examine what information about potential side effects, if any, these practitioners provide patients before beginning pharmacological treatment for mental illnesses. Methods: Representative samples of health care providers in King County, Washington (125 primary care physicians, 50 nurse practitioners, and 75 psychiatrists) were mailed a 31-question survey. Participants were asked about their prescribing practices, knowledge about oral health side effects of medications, consideration of oral health side effects when prescribing psychotropic medications, and frequency of assessing patients' oral health. Responses were summarized in each area with regard to oral health knowledge and willingness to assess patients' oral health. <bold>Results</bold>: The response rate to this survey was 40%: 101 total responses, with 45 primary care physicians, 20 nurse practitioners, and 36 psychiatrists responding. The average age of responders was 56.7 years, with an average of 24.6 years within their profession. The majority of providers (90%) reported they evaluated oral health by "appearance of teeth," but what specifically is evaluated is unclear because far fewer providers reported assessing missing teeth, presence of plaque or calculus, looseness of teeth, or saliva consistency. Providers were less likely to assess the oral health of their patients being treated for a mental illness than those without. In addition, while 91.6% of providers reported that they have at least some patients who report xerostomia, knowledge of recommended treatments for dry mouth symptoms appears to be lacking. Discussion: This survey illustrates the complexities of treating patients and managing adverse medication side effects. While this survey identifies gaps in oral health treatment in the non-dental setting for patients with mental health conditions, future studies are needed about the specific barriers to providing adequate oral health recommendations to patients with mental illness, for this vulnerable population is in great need for holistic medical care, including dental care. Ultimately, improved provider management of oral needs would allow for not only an improvement of oral health (e.g. reduction in caries, periodontal disease) but also larger issues, such as improved quality of life and improved management of comorbid chronic conditions
An evaluation of the Mongolian Red Cross Society's HIV/AIDS Response Program by Tia S Farrell( Computer File )
1 edition published in 2012 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
Abstract: An Evaluation of the Mongolian Red Cross Society's HIV/AIDS Response Program Tia S. Farrell Chair of the Supervisory Committee: Professor David Grembowski Department of Health Sciences. Specific Aims: The aim of this program evaluation is to determine whether Mongolian Red Cross Society's HIV/AIDS Response Program (HARP) increased HIV/AIDS prevention knowledge among youth aged 15-24 in targeted secondary schools and universities in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia by the conclusion of the program period (1 July, 2008 to 30 June, 2011). Setting: Although Mongolia presently has a low prevalence of HIV, with less than 0.01% of the population infected, it has been estimated that without concerted prevention efforts, between now and 2015 the country's HIV prevalence will double every two years (The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, 2004). New HIV cases over the past two years have been mostly in youth and rates of transmission of STIs, already very high, continue to increase among youth in Mongolia. To date, most HIV prevention efforts in Mongolia have targeted most-at-risk populations; however, there is a great need for HIV awareness and prevention programs targeting the general population, specifically youth (Mongolian Red Cross Society, 2010). Methods: A post-intervention survey was conducted at project end, 1 July-1 August, 2011, among 712 youth in targeted secondary schools and universities in three districts of Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia to evaluate the impact of the project. The impact of the program was assessed by a post-intervention survey of prevention knowledge, by comparing groups that were exposed to the intervention to groups that were not exposed. Knowledge was assessed through analysis of survey questions about modes of transmission of HIV/AIDS, methods of prevention, and rejection of common misconceptions. Program contribution to target group knowledge levels was assessed through survey responses to the question, "Where do you receive information about HIV/AIDS?" Results: In answer to evaluation Question 1, "What is the difference in HIV/AIDS knowledge between those who were exposed to the HARP intervention and those who were not among youth aged 15-24 in targeted secondary schools and universities in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia?" results showed a strong positive program effect on identifying all four important modes of transmission of HIV, a week positive program effect on identifying ways of preventing HIV, and a weak negative program effect on rejecting common misconceptions about HIV. The exposed group tended to answer correctly significantly more often than the non-exposed group on identifying important modes of transmission and prevention methods; however, the trend was the opposite when it came to identifying common misconceptions. It appears that the program increased knowledge among the exposed group in identifying modes of transmission and to some extent, prevention methods; but had a negative program effect when it came to rejecting misconceptions. Evaluation Question 2 was "To what extent is HARP the source of HIV/AIDS information among youth aged 15-24 in targeted schools and universities in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia?" Sixteen percent of respondents directly credited Red Cross as a source of their knowledge about HIV/AIDS, and about 90% of respondents indicated sources of information of which Red Cross may be an indirect source. Conclusions: The impact of the Mongolian Red Cross Society's HIV/AIDS response program on HIV/AIDS knowledge among students in targeted secondary schools and universities in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia ranged from strong positive program effects in some areas to weak negative program effects in other areas. The program appears to have increased knowledge in the exposed group in terms of correct identification of unsafe behaviors that increase risk of HIV acquisition, and to some extent in terms of identifying effective ways of preventing transmission. Why the exposed group incorrectly identified some safe behaviors as unsafe is unclear. Perhaps the intervention emphasized providing knowledge of unsafe behaviors, but did not explicitly explain that other behaviors were safe. Alternatively, Evaluation Question 1 or the format for soliciting or recording answers to Question 1 may have lacked clarity
Children in foster care in the State of Washington dental service utilization and expenditures by Molly Melbye( file )
1 edition published in 2012 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
Objectives: This study describes dental utilization, expenditures and use of dental services among children in Washington State foster care. Methods: Washington State enrollment and claims data were used to identify children ages 0 months through 17 years who were enrolled in the foster care program for 11 months or more during 2008 (N=10,589). The overall dental utilization rate and for groups of services (diagnostic, preventive, routine restorative, complex/surgical, orthodontic) were calculated as the proportion of children who had any dental claim or for that service grouping. Individual total expenditures and by service grouping were calculated among children with at least one claim. Using Patrick et al.'s model of oral health disparities as a framework, measures were analyzed under three domains: individual (sex, race/ethnicity, age group, disability status, child history of substance abuse, child history of behavior problems); interpersonal (placement type); and community (placement urbanicity). Bivariate analysis was used to assess differences in utilization or expenditures across each measure. Results: Among the study population, 44% of children had at least one dental claim. By service grouping, the proportion of children with at least one claim was: diagnostic 41%; preventive 41%; routine restorative 12%; complex/surgical 14%; and orthodontic <1%. Utilization differed significantly by all measures except sex and a child's history of substance abuse. The mean individual dental expenditure was $287 (2008 dollars) and differed significantly by age group, race/ethnicity and behavior problems. Conclusions: The majority of children in this study did not receive an EPSDT dental service, to which they were entitled. Children in this study were more likely to receive a complex or surgical than a routine restorative service, and less than 1% of children had an orthodontic claim suggesting restorative and orthodontic services are underutilized, and delivery of care may be episodic. Children's individual measures were directly associated with their receipt of care, and several suggest a child's connectedness to the health system influences their access to dental services. Overall, these findings strongly suggest that unmet dental need exists among children in foster care, and that disparities in receipt of dental services exist among subpopulations of children in foster care
Insurance effects on employer group dental expenditures by David Grembowski( Book )
3 editions published in 1983 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
Extending the hours of a pediatric emergency department's fast track clinic into night shift did not decrease the aggregate length of stay or the length of stay of high acuity patients on night shift by Erete S Bloom( file )
1 edition published in 2012 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
This study set out to see if extending the hours of the pediatric fast track clinic through the first half of night shift in a dedicated pediatric emergency department decreased the Length of Stay (LOS) of all the patients seen on night shift (termed aggregate LOS) and of the high acuity patients seen on night shift. This study was conducted in a pediatric hospital run by Multicare Health System in Tacoma, WA. The study was designed as a pre/post-intervention with a comparison to a similar time period the previous year. The intervention was the extension of the hours of Child Express clinic into night shift that started November 1, 2005. The pre/post intervention periods were from October 1 to October 31 and from November 1 to December 2, 2005, respectively, and for the same periods in the previous comparison year (2004). Linear regression was used to determine whether there were observable differences in mean length of stay adjusting for differential inpatient admit rates between pre and post assessment periods using a historical comparison control. Mean length of stay was found to be 2.1 hours in the post intervention (Child Express) period relative to 2.32 hours in the pre-intervention period. When compared to the 2.2 hours and 2.3 hours in the respective historical periods, the difference in differences was found to be .22 hours, or 7.2 minutes (95% CI 0.84, and 1.1, p = 0.37). Extending the hours of the fast track clinic into night shift was not associated with a difference in aggregate LOS or the LOS of high acuity patients on night shift. This is consistent with previous findings. Additional factors likely influence the throughput of a pediatric emergency department beyond simply reducing the volume of low acuity patients in the main emergency room
A post-conflict assessment of breast cancer in Kuwait using mixed methods by Charles William Cange( file )
1 edition published in 2013 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
The Gulf War oil well fires lasted over eight months in 1991. The subsequent environmental contamination has had real, yet poorly documented impacts, on Kuwait health. The chemical fallout from the war makes it a unique case study of conflict, environmental degradation and health. The life course approach serves as the conceptual basis for this dissertation. By developing a modified ethnographic approach suitable for Kuwait, I was able to collect and procure qualitative and quantitative data in a site-specific, systematic manner. From the cancer registry data, we notice a significant shift in breast cancer rates which began around 1999, increases 7-10 additional cases/100,000, and continues until present. Leukemia and thyroid cancers are also increasing more rapidly than in other Arab countries not affected by the war. From the clinical case-control study, we identified an association between stress and the appearance of breast cancer in Kuwaiti women. Also, women who self-identified as trauma victims were more likely to have breast cancer than healthy women. From the qualitative study, we learn about the environmental health community's concerns around breast cancer. One woman stated that "it's like the flu...every family has it." Since the late 1990s breast cancer has become a common occurrence in Kuwaiti households. Many of the participants felt that their voices had not been heard by the government. In fact, they felt that the government was actively downplaying the role of the residual Gulf War pollution on the development of cancer in Kuwait. It is suggested that the government carry out further monitoring and surveillance of leukemia and breast cancer in Kuwait in addition to executing a full clean-up of the Kuwaiti desert
An ecological perspective of crime and handgun purchase rates in the urban environment by David Grembowski( Archival Material )
1 edition published in 1975 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
Transition of care evaluating the Harborview Medical Center Diabetes Recent Discharge Clinic by Glen Norine C Felias-Christensen( file )
1 edition published in 2012 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
ILL THE PRACTICE OF HEALTH PROGRAM EVALUATION by David Grembowski( Book )
1 edition published in 2000 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
Dental care demand : insurance effects and plan design by Douglas A Conrad( Book )
1 edition published in 1985 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
Dental care demand insurance effects and plan design by Douglas A Conrad( Book )
1 edition published in 1985 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
 
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Alternative Names
Grembowski, David Emil
Languages
English (27)
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