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Harris, Jeffrey R.

Works: 9 works in 11 publications in 1 language and 22 library holdings
Genres: Conference papers and proceedings  Academic theses 
Classifications: RA421,
Publication Timeline
Publications about Jeffrey R Harris
Publications by Jeffrey R Harris
Most widely held works about Jeffrey R Harris
Most widely held works by Jeffrey R Harris
Prevention in managed care : joining forces for value and quality ( Book )
3 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 14 libraries worldwide
Prevention Research Centers Program : researcher-community partnerships for high-impact results ( Book )
1 edition published in 2012 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
The Prevention Research Centers (PRC) Program, administered and funded by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), is a network of academic, community, and diverse public health partners that conducts research aimed at reducing the leading causes of death and disability. The researchers are based at schools of medicine and public health across the country; in 2011, 37 academic centers were funded. Each PRC focuses on an area of expertise (e.g., controlling obesity, preventing cancer, or enabling healthy aging). The centers analyze the effectiveness of public health policies, and produce interventions, training programs, dissemination approaches, and other strategies that align with national and global initiatives to improve public health (Ammerman, Harris, Brownson, Tovar-Aguilar, & PRC Steering Committee, 2011). Each PRC's research is tailored to specific communities comprising largely underserved populations, such as Hispanics, older Americans, or rural residents, for whom the burden of chronic disease is greater than for the United States as a whole. The PRCs partner with members of the community that their research is intended to benefit; these partnerships give a voice to vulnerable populations not often heard in prevention research. Community members help choose research topics and assist in the research process, ensuring that real- world conditions are taken into consideration and thereby improving the contextual quality of the research. These collaborations increase the likelihood that successful research results will be appropriate for and used by the community. Other partners, including community-based organizations, health care systems, health advocacy groups, local and state health departments, and the business community, help in disseminating research results and effective programs by facilitating changes in policies, systems, and environments. These partnerships enable the results of the community research to spread well beyond the original study population. The PRC model is useful in targeting not only chronic disease but other public health problems as well, including immunization, infectious diseases such as HIV and sexually transmitted diseases, unintentional injury, and environmental health risks
Economic evaluations of state policies by Sarah Beth Link Barnett( file )
1 edition published in 2016 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
Alcohol consumption and access to care are important measures of individual and public health. The goal of this dissertation is to examine these outcomes within the context of state-level policy evaluations and via an exploratory methods study. In the first aim of the dissertation, we examine the effect of privatizing retail liquor sales and distribution on household-level alcohol purchases in Washington State by type of alcohol, using data from the Nielsen Consumer Panel Dataset. We use the differences-in-differences approach, with all other U.S. states serving as controls, to estimate the effect of privatization on household alcohol purchases. We find that privatization of liquor is associated with modest increases in liquor, beer, and ethanol purchases in the overall sample. Our subgroup analysis finds that there was variability in responsiveness to the policy. Privatization was associated with increases in liquor and ethanol purchases among low purchasers, an increase in liquor purchases among moderate purchasers, and a decrease in ethanol among high purchasers. In the second aim of the dissertation, we examine whether Massachusetts health reform reduced the overall financial burden of accessing health services, using data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. We use the instrumental variables approach, with the Massachusetts health reform as the instrument for health insurance and, with three other New England states serving as controls, to estimate the effect of gaining health insurance on forgoing care because of cost. We also investigate whether there was a differential response to the policy change by income levels. We find that gaining health insurance is associated with forgoing care because of cost in the overall sample. In the subgroup analysis, we found a differential effect of gaining health insurance, with health insurance benefiting those likely eligible for subsidies and likely not eligible for assistance. There was not a significant effect of gaining health insurance on forgoing care among those likely eligible for Medicaid. In the third aim of the dissertation, we compare two broad instrumental variables approaches, two-stage least squares (2SLS) and two-stage residual inclusion (2SRI), within the setting of a binary endogenous treatment variable. We estimate the local average treatment effect of gaining health insurance on forgoing care, using Massachusetts health reform as an instrument for multiple models. Then we explore whether goodness-of-fit visualizations can assist in model selection. We conclude that the 2SLS model is biased and does not fit the data well. Goodness-of-fit visualizations are useful in distinguishing between choosing 2SLS and 2SRI
Hypertension identification via emergency responders : a randomized controlled intervention study by Hendrika Meischke( Book )
1 edition published in 2013 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
The consequences of HIV/AIDS in Eastern Africa on the mortality of mothers and the orphanhood of their children by Linda A Valleroy( Archival Material )
1 edition published in 1991 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
Workplace-based vaccination promotion : an examination of employers' views and practices and an evaluation of a pilot intervention by Meredith A Cook( file )
1 edition published in 2013 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
Influenza is common among adults and has consequences for productivity and healthcare costs. Pertussis rates in adults are on the rise and adults with pertussis can miss work and may expose high-risk populations to infection. Influenza and Tdap (tetanus-diphtheria-pertussis) vaccination rates are low among working-age adults, but workplace-based vaccination programs can help to address this problem. Specifically, employers can use evidence-based practices to increase vaccination rates among their employees. In Chapter 2, I describe a qualitative analysis of large employers' views on workplace-based vaccination programs. Large employers offered influenza vaccinations as a benefit to employees and to keep them healthy, but were not aware of the potential benefits of promoting Tdap vaccination to their workers. Overall, they had not considered how to maximize vaccination rates among their employee population. In Chapter 3, I describe a quantitative analysis of large employers' practices related to workplace vaccination programs. I estimate the prevalence of employers' use of evidence-based practices to increase vaccination rates among their employees. I show that while some promotion practices are well-used by employers, there is room for improvement in others. Employers could maximize the impact of their vaccination programs by increasing the use of some practices, particularly those related to increasing physical access to vaccination. In Chapter 4, I shift the focus to the use of evidence-based practices in a particular small to mid-sized workplace setting, restaurants. I describe a pilot study to evaluate a workplace-based intervention to increase vaccination rates among restaurant employees. The intervention increased influenza vaccination rates among restaurant employees, although the size of the increase differed among restaurants. Restaurants can successfully implement workplace-based influenza vaccination programs, although increasing physical and financial access does not guarantee an improvement in vaccination rates. I conclude that while employers are generally open to offering vaccinations at the worksite, they could do more to increase the impact of their vaccination programs. The full potential benefits of vaccination, both for their businesses and for the population, will only be realized if they commit to maximizing physical and financial access for employees. The investment required is modest and higher employee influenza vaccination rates are within reach for employers
Transformation of progenitor cells for treatment of retinal disease ( Article )
1 edition published in 2012 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
English (10)
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