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Halperin, Abigail

Works: 6 works in 6 publications in 1 language and 8 library holdings
Genres: Academic theses 
Roles: Thesis advisor, Author
Publication Timeline
Publications about Abigail Halperin
Publications by Abigail Halperin
Most widely held works by Abigail Halperin
An evaluation of the systematic identification and treatment of tobacco use among patients in an academic medical center by Kristen M Bylund( file )
1 edition published in 2012 in English and held by 3 libraries worldwide
Background: The Joint Commission recently developed core measures for screening and treatment of tobacco use, as hospitalization provides a good opportunity for helping patients to quit smoking. This study was undertaken to evaluate a new program that systematically identifies and offers treatment to all inpatient tobacco users at University of Washington Medical Center (UWMC) and Harborview Medical Center (HMC) in Seattle. The program was implemented in conjunction with a new tobacco-free hospital campus policy and included modifications of electronic medical record-based processes for intake screening, physician orders, nursing protocols, and a pharmacist-delivered brief intervention. Methods: Hospital records for all patients 18 years and older, admitted May 31 to December 31, 2011 were reviewed (n=22,306) to determine rates of screening for tobacco use and acceptance of nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) and counseling. Chi-square statistics were used to describe relationships between demographic variables (gender, age, race/ethnicity, insurance type, and primary admission diagnosis) and screening and acceptance rates. Results: Approximately 20% of all admitted patients screened positive for current smoking (past 30 days). Screening rate for tobacco use after policy implementation was high (79%) as was the rate for offering NRT (76.6%) and counseling (69.5%). However, less than half of tobacco-using patients (45.3%) accepted the offer of NRT and only a quarter (24.2%) accepted cessation counseling. Conclusion: While rates of screening and offering tobacco treatment (NRT and counseling) are quite high in this inpatient setting, relatively few patients take advantage of assistance for quitting tobacco. Further evaluation is needed to assess factors associated with uptake of treatment in order to increase delivery of effective tobacco cessation interventions in this setting
Identifying and overcoming barriers to raising funds from individuals for tobacco prevention by Nicholas Fradkin( file )
1 edition published in 2016 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
Introduction: Nonprofit tobacco prevention programs receive a level of public support that is disproportionately low to the burden of tobacco-related disease and death in the United States (US). Individual donors’ recent emphasis on the importance of measurable results and cost-effectiveness is particularly conducive to funding opportunities offered through evidence-based tobacco prevention programs. The American public’s perception of tobacco prevention as a cause worth funding through individual donations has yet to be researched. Methods: An online survey asked randomly-selected participants about their charitable giving motivations, assessed their knowledge of tobacco use and lung cancer as leading causes of death in the US, and inquired about their perceptions of tobacco prevention programs as potential funding opportunities. Respondents were segmented by demographic characteristics, knowledge of tobacco use and lung cancer, and charitable giving motivations to inform the analysis of barriers to raising funds from individuals for tobacco prevention. Results: Survey responses from 245 individuals suggest that other giving priorities, the perception of tobacco use as a choice, and a lack of awareness of relevant organizations are the main barriers to raising funds from individuals for tobacco prevention. Approximately three in four respondents correctly named smoking as the cause of most lung cancers, and a similar proportion was receptive to the possibility of donating to an organization working in tobacco prevention. One third of these respondents reported that more information about such organizations and/or the results of their work might make them more likely to support such programs, particularly those that educate children about the harms of tobacco use. Discussion: Nonprofit organizations working in tobacco prevention could augment public support of their programs by reframing the issue of tobacco use, appealing to cognitive and emotional donor motivations, and leveraging innovative programs. By correcting misperceptions about the consequences of tobacco use, as well as characterizing tobacco dependence as an addiction that inhibits the choice of tobacco users, these organizations may be able to help accelerate progress in domestic tobacco prevention efforts
Collaborative care psychiatrists' views on treating bipolar disorder in primary care : a qualitative study by Joseph Cerimele( file )
1 edition published in 2014 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
To understand collaborative care psychiatric consultants' views and practices on making the diagnosis of and recommending treatment for bipolar disorder in primary care using collaborative care. We conducted a focus group at the University of Washington in December 2013 with nine psychiatric consultants working in primary care-based collaborative care in Washington State. A grounded theory approach with open coding and the constant comparative method revealed categories where emergent themes were saturated and validated through member checking, and a conceptual model was developed.Three major themes emerged from the data including the importance of working as a collaborative care team, the strengths of collaborative care for treating bipolar disorder, and the need for psychiatric consultants to adapt specialty psychiatric clinical skills to the primary care setting. Other discussion topics included gathering clinical data from multiple sources over time, balancing risks and benefits of treating patients indirectly, tracking patient care outcomes with a registry, and patient-centered care. Experienced psychiatric consultants working in collaborative care teams provided their perceptions regarding treating patients with bipolar illness including identifying ways to adapt specialty psychiatric skills, developing techniques for providing team-based care, and perceiving the care delivered through collaborative care as high quality
Smoking trends and academic performance in a university population by Abigail Halperin( Archival Material )
1 edition published in 2000 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
Attitudes, perceptions, and support of student leaders for a tobacco-free campus policy at the University of Washington : a pilot qualitative study by Elizabeth Medeiros( file )
1 edition published in 2016 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
Background: Tobacco-free campus policies (TFCPs) have been widely implemented across the US with remarkable success. However, the University of Washington (UW) has yet to implement such a policy due to unknown student leader attitudes and perceptions regarding policy implementation. Methods: We conducted semi-structured interviews with 15 student leaders during April 2016. Student leaders were asked about their perceptions of the current UW tobacco policy, thoughts of implementing a TFCP, and options for equitable implementation. A content analysis was conducted and key themes were identified. Results: Nine key themes were identified from the most common responses from interviews with student leaders. Recommendations that include engaging community input and a transparent enforcement plan for TFCP were generated based on the input from student leaders along with evidence-based best practices. Conclusions: The majority of student leaders personally support the implementation of a TFCP at the UW. Concerns regarding discrimination were raised, but were addressed through provisions and stakeholder engagement prior to implementation. Findings from this study have potential implications for other university settings that are experiencing barriers to implement a TFCP
Tobacco retail outlet density in King County : implications for health equity and youth access to tobacco by Juliet D'Alessandro( file )
1 edition published in 2016 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
Preventing youth access to tobacco, and decreasing the likelihood of youth smoking experimentation, remains an essential component in the fight against tobacco. Disparities exist in the amount of tobacco advertising lower-income and minority youth are exposed to. Youth who are in areas of higher tobacco outlet density and are more heavily exposed to advertising are more likely to try cigarettes. This thesis explores the potential relationship between King County census tract demographics, tobacco outlet density and retail violation rates. An association could indicate inequity in youth access to tobacco between communities. A moderate, but statistically significant, negative correlation was found between tobacco retail outlet density and median household. Correlations for demographics by race/ethnicity (African-American and Hispanic) were weaker but still statistically significant. No correlation was found to exist between retail violation rate and the demographic variables. These findings indicate that youth in census tracts with lower household incomes and a greater proportion of minorities are exposed to higher densities of tobacco retail outlets. Further research can determine if smoking rates are higher for youth in these King County census tracts, and can indicate if zoning to limit outlet density or location could work towards preventing youth tobacco initiation
English (6)
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