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Mathematical proofs : a transition to advanced mathematics

Author: Gary Chartrand; Albert D Polimeni; Ping Zhang
Publisher: Boston : Pearson Education, ©2013.
Edition/Format:   Print book : English : 3rd edView all editions and formats
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Genre/Form: Textbooks
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Gary Chartrand; Albert D Polimeni; Ping Zhang
ISBN: 9780321797094 0321797094 9780321782519 0321782518
OCLC Number: 793099426
Description: xiii, 400 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
Contents: Communicating mathematics : Learning mathematics ; What others have said about writing ; Mathematical writing ; Using symbols ; Writing mathematical expressions ; Common words and phrases in mathematics ; Some closing comments about writing --
Sets : Describe a set ; Subsets ; Set operations ; Indexed collections of sets ; Partitions of sets ; Cartesian products of sets --
Logic : Statements ; The negation of a statement ; The disjunction and conjunction of statements ; The implication ; More on implications ; The biconditional ; Tautologies and contradictions ; Logical equivalence ; Some fundamental properties of logical equivalence ; Quantified statements ; Characterizations of statements --
Direct proof and proof by contrapositive : Trivial and vacuous proofs ; Direct proofs ; Proof by contrapositive ; Proof by cases ; Proof evaluations --
More on direct proof and proof by contrapositive : Proofs involving divisibility of integers ; Proofs involving congruence of integers ; Proofs involving real numbers ; Proofs involving sets ; Fundamental properties of set operations ; Proofs involving Cartesian products of sets --
Existence and proof by contradiction : Counterexamples ; Proof by contradiction ; A review of three proof techniques ; Existence proofs ; Disproving existence statements --
Mathematical induction : The principle of mathematical induction ; A more general principle of mathematical induction ; The strong principle of mathematical induction --
Prove or disprove : Conjectures in mathematics ; Revisiting quantified statements ; Testing statements --
Equivalence relations : Relations ; Properties of relations ; Equivalence relations ; Properties of equivalence classes ; Congruence modulo n ; The integers modulo n --
Functions : The definition of function ; The set of all functions from A to B ; One-to-one and onto functions ; Bijective functions ; Composition of functions ; Inverse functions ; Permutations --
Cardinalities of sets : Numerically equivalent sets ; Denumerable sets ; Uncountable sets ; Comparing cardinalities of sets ; The Schroder-Bernstein theorem --
Proofs in number theory : Divisibility properties of integers ; The division algorithm ; Greatest common divisors ; The Euclidean algorithm ; Relatively prime integers ; The fundamental theorem of arithmetic ; Concepts involving sums of divisors --
Proofs in calculus : Limits of sequences ; Infinite series ; Limits of functions ; Fundamental properties of limits of functions ; Continuity ; Differentiability --
Proofs in group theory : Binary operations ; Groups ; Permutations groups ; Fundamental properties of groups ; Subgroups ; Isomorphic groups --
Proofs in ring theory online : Rings ; Elementary properties of rings ; Subrings ; Integral domains ; Fields --
Proofs in linear algebra online : Properties of vectors in 3-space : Vector spaces ; Matrices ; Some properties of vector spaces ; Subspaces ; Spans of vectors ; Linear dependence and independence ; Linear transformations ; Properties of linear transformations --
Proofs in topology online : Metric spaces ; Open sets in metric spaces ; Continuity in metric spaces ; Topological spaces ; Continuity in topological spaces.
Responsibility: Gary Chartrand, Albert D. Polimeni, Ping Zhang.
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