Theory and Reality : an Introduction to the Philosophy of Science. (eBook, 2010) [University of Washington Libraries]
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Theory and Reality : an Introduction to the Philosophy of Science.

Author: Peter Godfrey-Smith.
Publisher: University of Chicago Press 2010.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
How does science work? Does it tell us what the world is "really" like? What makes it different from other ways of understanding the universe? In Theory and Reality, Peter Godfrey-Smith addresses these questions by taking the reader on a grand tour of one hundred years of debate about science. The result is a completely accessible introduction to the main themes of the philosophy of science. Intended for  Read more...
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Details

Genre/Form: Electronic resource
Electronic books
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Peter Godfrey-Smith.
ISBN: 1282646303 9781282646308
OCLC Number: 748357235
Description: 1 online resource (287)
Contents: Cover13; --
Contents --
Preface --
A Note for Those Teaching with the Book --
1 Introduction --
1.1 Setting Out --
1.2 The Scope of the Theory --
1.3 What Kind of Theory? --
1.4 Three Answers, or Pieces of an Answer --
1.5 Historical Interlude: A Sketch of the Scientific Revolution --
Further Reading --
2 Logic Plus Empiricism --
2.1 The Empiricist Tradition --
2.2 The Vienna Circle --
2.3 Central Ideas of Logical Positivism --
2.4 Problems and Changes --
2.5 Logical Empiricism --
2.6 On the Fall of Logical Empiricism --
Further Reading --
3 Induction and Confirmation --
3.1 The Mother of All Problems --
3.2 Induction, Deduction, Confirmation, and Explanatory Inference --
3.3 The Ravens Problem --
3.4 Goodmans 8220;New Riddle of Induction8221; --
Further Reading --
4 Popper: Conjecture and Refutation --
4.1 Poppers Unique Place in the Philosophy of Science --
4.2 Poppers Theory of Science --
4.3 Popper on Scientific Change --
4.4 Objections to Popper on Falsification --
4.5 Objections to Popper on Confirmation --
4.6 Further Comments on the Demarcation Problem --
Further Reading --
5 Kuhn and Normal Science --
5.1 8220;The Paradigm Has Shifted8221; --
5.2 Paradigms: A Closer Look --
5.3 Normal Science --
5.4 Anomaly and Crisis --
5.5 Wrap-up of Normal Science --
Further Reading --
6 Kuhn and Revolutions --
6.1 Considerable Upset --
6.2 Revolutions and Their Aftermath --
6.3 Incommensurability, Relativism, and Progress --
6.4 The X-Rated 8220;Chapter X8221; --
6.5 Final Thoughts on Kuhn --
Further Reading --
7 Lakatos, Laudan, Feyerabend, and Frameworks --
7.1 After Structure --
7.2 Lakatos and Research Programs --
7.3 Laudan and Research Traditions --
7.4 Anything Goes --
7.5 An Argument from History That Haunts Philosophy --
7.6 Pluralism and the Ramblings of Madmen --
7.7 Taking Stock: Frameworks and Two-Process Theories of Science --
Further Reading --
8 The Challenge from Sociology of Science --
8.1 Beyond Philosophy? --
8.2 Robert Merton and the 8220;Old8221; Sociology of Science --
8.3 The Rise of the Strong Program --
8.4 Leviathan and Latour --
Further Reading --
9 Feminism and Science Studies --
9.1 8220;Science Is Political8221; --
9.2 The Man of Reason --
9.3 The Case of Primatology --
9.4 Feminist Epistemology --
9.5 Science Studies, the Science Wars, and the Sokal Hoax --
Further Reading --
10 Naturalistic Philosophy in Theory and Practice --
10.1 What Is Naturalism? --
10.2 Quine, Dewey, and Others --
10.3 The Theory-Ladenness of Observation --
Further Reading --
11 Naturalism and the Social Structure of Science --
11.1 Science as a Process --
11.2 Kitcher and the Division of Scientific Labor --
11.3 Social Structure and Empiricism --
Further Reading --
12 Scientific Realism --
12.1 Strange Debates --
12.2 Approaching Scientific Realism --
12.3 A Statement of Scientific Realism --
12.4 Challenges from Traditional Empiricism --
12.5 Metaphysical Constructivism --
12.6 Van Fraassens View --
12.7 Representation, Models, and Truth (Optional Section) --
Further Reading --
13 Explanation --
13.1 Knowing Why --
13.2 The Rise and Fall of the Covering Law Theory of Explanation --
13.3 Causation, Unification, and More --
13.4 Laws and Cause.

Abstract:

How does science work? Does it tell us what the world is "really" like? What makes it different from other ways of understanding the universe? In Theory and Reality, Peter Godfrey-Smith addresses these questions by taking the reader on a grand tour of one hundred years of debate about science. The result is a completely accessible introduction to the main themes of the philosophy of science. Intended for undergraduates and general readers with no prior background in philosophy, Theory and Reality covers logical positivism; the problems of induction and confirmation; Karl Popper's theory of sci.
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